- man, cousin, soldier, scientist, Elizabeth (names for people)
- rat, zebra, lion, dog, elephant (names for animals)
- house, factory, shelter, town, London (names for places)
- table, mirror, vase, computer, the Holy Quran (names for objects)
- iron, gold, water, ice, nitrogen (names for substances)
- honesty, beauty, wealth, faith, kindness (names for qualities)
- swimming, dancing, cooking, reading, listening (names for actions)
- month, inch, day, pound, ounce (names for measures)
(i) Sarah is a very good dancer.
(ii) Children are swimming in the pool.
(iii) Monkeys swing in trees.
(iv) Butterflies fly in the air.
(v) The rose is the loveliest of all flowers.
(vi) My toothbrush is on the sink.
(vii) I recite the Holy Quran daily.
(viii) Honesty is the best policy.
(ix) Gold is a precious metal.
(x) Swimming is a good exercise.
(i) Sarah, dancer (ii) Children, pool (iii) Monkeys, trees (iv) Butterflies, air (v) rose, flowers (vi) toothbrush, sink (vii) Holy Quran (viii) Honesty, policy (ix) Gold, metal (x) Swimming, exercise
A common noun is the word used for a class of person, place, thing or idea.
- mother, student, child, teacher, man (people)
- lion, bear, dog, cat, bird (animals)
- city, country, restaurant, park, zoo (places)
- table, book, pencil, computer, coat (things)
- envy, love, hate, respect, pride (ideas)
(i) station (ii) fish (iii) man, car (iv) mother, kitchen (v) children, field (vi) car (vii) trophy (viii) camel (ix) uncle (x) boys
A proper noun is the word used for a particular person, place, or thing.
- Ahmad, Bilal, Ayesha, John, Merry (people)
- Quaid-e-Azam, President Bush, King George, Queen Elizabeth, Judge Judy (titles)
- Google, Pepsi, Samsung, Nike, McDonald's (Brands)
- Lahore, Pakistan, London, Hagia Sophia, Taj Mahal (places)
- The Holy Quran, The Bible, The Ferrari, The Rolls-Royce, The Parker Pen (things)
- English, Urdu, French, Italian, German (languages)
- Eid-ul-Fitr, Christmas, New Year's Day, Hanukkah, Thanksgiving (holidays)
Use capital letters for proper nouns in the following sentences.
(i) paris is the capital of france.
(ii) william shakespeare is a famous english author.
(iii) 'war and peace' by written by leo tolstoy.
(iv) The universities of oxford and cambridge offer degree courses at the highest level.
(v) john's two dogs are named rover and boxer.
(vi) david will travel to france to do a degree course on the french revolution.
(vii) suez canal joins the red sea and the mediterranean sea.
(viii) republic of liberia is on the west coast of africa.
(ix) mick jagger is the lead singer of rolling stones.
(x) mount kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in africa.
Answers: (i) Paris, France (ii) Shakespeare, English (iii) War and Peace, Leo Tolstoy (iv) Oxford, Cambridge (v) John, Rover, Boxer (vi) David, France, French Revolution (vii) Suez Canal, the Red Sea, the Mediterranean Sea (viii) Republic of Liberia, Africa (ix) Mick Jagger, Rolling Stones (x) Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa
(iii) ABSTRACT NOUN
An abstract noun is a word which names something that we cannot see, hear, touch, smell, or taste.
- love, hate, anger, pride, sympathy (emotions/feelings)
- bravery, honesty, charity, beauty, success (states/attributes)
- belief, dream, truth, knowledge, thought (ideas/concepts/ideals)
- progress, education, leisure, friendship, relaxation (movements/events)
(iv) MATERIAL NOUN
(v) COLLECTIVE NOUN
(vi) COMPOUND NOUN
A pronoun is a word that is used in place of a noun that has already been mentioned or that is already known, often to avoid repeating the noun.
- Ayesha was tired so she went to bed.
- Aslam took the children with him.
1. Reciprocal Pronoun Video Lecture
Verbs are doing words. A verb can express a physical action, mental action, or a state of being.
- to swim, to write, to climb, to sell, to buy (physical actions)
- to think, to guess, to consider, to realize, to suppose (mental actions)
- to be, to exist, to appear (state of being)
KINDS OF ADJECTIVE