2. Tenses



1. PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE

DEFINITION
IDENTIFICATION IN URDU
FORMULA
(i) For Positive Sentences
S + V1(s,es) + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs). 
(ii) For Negative Sentences
S + do/does not + V1 + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs).
(iii) For Interrogative Sentences
(Wh...) + Do/Does + S + V1 + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs)?

SIGNAL WORDS/PHRASES
always, often, usually, sometimes, seldom, never.
every day, every week, every year, on Mondays, after school.
EXAMPLES (TABLE NO. 1)
POSITIVE SENTENCES
NEGATIVE SENTENCES

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES (I)
INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES (II)
TABLE NO. 2

TABLE NO. 3

EXERCISE
Q.1. Change the following into negative sentences. 

Q.2. Change the following into interrogative sentences. 

Q.3. Change the following into positive sentences. 

Q.4. Translate the following sentences. 

Q.5. Correct the following sentences. 

Q.6. Answer the following questions.

2. PAST INDEFINITE TENSE
DEFINITION

IDENTIFICATION IN URDU
FORMULA
(i) For Positive Sentences
S + V2 + O + P.M.R.T.+ (MPAs).
(ii) For Negative Sentences
S + did not + V1 + O + P.M.R.T. +(MPAs).
(iii) For Interrogative Sentences
(Wh...) Did + S + V1 + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs)? 
TABLE NO. 1

TABLE NO. 2

TABLE NO. 3

EXERCISE
Q.1. Change the following into negative sentences. 

Q.2. Change the following into interrogative sentences. 

Q.3. Change the following into positive sentences. 

Q.4. Translate the following sentences. 

Q.5. Correct the following sentences. 

Q.6. Answer the following questions.

3. FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE
DEFINITION

IDENTIFICATION IN URDU

FORMULA
(i) For Positive Sentences
S + will/shall + V1 + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs).
(ii) For Negative Sentences
S + will/shall not + V1 + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs).
(iii) For Interrogative Sentences
(Wh....) Will/Shall + S + V1 + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs)? 
TABLE NO. 1

TABLE NO. 2

TABLE NO. 3

EXERCISE
Q.1. Change the following into negative sentences. 

Q.2. Change the following into interrogative sentences. 

Q.3. Change the following into positive sentences. 

Q.4. Translate the following sentences. 

Q.5. Correct the following sentences. 

Q.6. Answer the following questions.


4. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
DEFINITION

IDENTIFICATION IN URDU

FORMULA
(i) For Positive Sentences
S + is/am/are + V1 + ing + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs)
(ii) For Negative Sentences
S + is/am/are + not + V1 + ing + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs)
(iii) For Interrogative Sentences
(Wh...) + Is/Am/Are + S + V1 + ing + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs) 
TABLE NO. 1

TABLE NO. 2

TABLE NO. 3

EXERCISE
Q.1. Change the following into negative sentences. 

Q.2. Change the following into interrogative sentences. 

Q.3. Change the following into positive sentences. 

Q.4. Translate the following sentences. 

Q.5. Correct the following sentences. 

Q.6. Answer the following questions.

5. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
DEFINITION

IDENTIFICATION IN URDU

FORMULA
(i) For Positive Sentences
S + was/were + V1 + ing + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs)
(ii) For Negative Sentences
S + was/were + not + V1 + ing + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs)
(iii) For Interrogative Sentences
(Wh...) + Was/Were + S + V1 + ing + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs) 
TABLE NO. 1

TABLE NO. 2

TABLE NO. 3

EXERCISE
Q.1. Change the following into negative sentences. 

Q.2. Change the following into interrogative sentences. 

Q.3. Change the following into positive sentences. 

Q.4. Translate the following sentences. 

Q.5. Correct the following sentences. 

Q.6. Answer the following questions.

6. FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE
DEFINITION

IDENTIFICATION IN URDU

FORMULA
(i) For Positive Sentences
S + will be/shall be + V1 + ing + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs)
(ii) For Negative Sentences
S + will/shall + not + be + V1 + ing + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs)
(iii) For Interrogative Sentences
(Wh...) + Will/Shall + S + be +V1 + ing + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs) 
TABLE NO. 1

TABLE NO. 2

TABLE NO. 3

EXERCISE
Q.1. Change the following into negative sentences. 

Q.2. Change the following into interrogative sentences. 

Q.3. Change the following into positive sentences. 

Q.4. Translate the following sentences. 

Q.5. Correct the following sentences. 

Q.6. Answer the following questions.


7. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
DEFINITION

IDENTIFICATION IN URDU

FORMULA
(i) For Positive Sentences
S + has/have + V3 + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs)
(ii) For Negative Sentences
S + has/have + not + V3 + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs)
(iii) For Interrogative Sentences
(Wh...) + Has/Have + S + V3 + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs)

SIGNAL WORDS
just, yet, never, already, ever, so far, up to now, recently, since, for.

TABLE NO. 1

TABLE NO. 2

TABLE NO. 3

EXERCISE
Q.1. Change the following into negative sentences. 

Q.2. Change the following into interrogative sentences. 

Q.3. Change the following into positive sentences. 

Q.4. Translate the following sentences. 

Q.5. Correct the following sentences. 

Q.6. Answer the following questions.

8. PAST PERFECT TENSE
DEFINITION

IDENTIFICATION IN URDU

FORMULA
(i) For Positive Sentences
S + had + V3 + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs) ..........+ (Past Indefinite Tense)
(ii) For Negative Sentences
S + had + not + V3 + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs) ..........+ (Past Indefinite Tense)
(iii) For Interrogative Sentences
(Wh...) + Had + S + V3 + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs) ..........+ (Past Indefinite Tense)
TABLE NO. 1

TABLE NO. 2

TABLE NO. 3

EXERCISE
Q.1. Change the following into negative sentences. 

Q.2. Change the following into interrogative sentences. 

Q.3. Change the following into positive sentences. 

Q.4. Translate the following sentences. 

Q.5. Correct the following sentences. 

Q.6. Answer the following questions.

9. FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
DEFINITION

IDENTIFICATION IN URDU

FORMULA
S + will/shall have + V3 + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs) ..........+ (Present Indefinite Tense)
(ii) For Negative Sentences
S + will/shall + not + have + V3 + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs) ..........+ (Present Indefinite Tense)
(iii) For Interrogative Sentences
(Wh...) + Will/Shall + S + have + V3 + O + P.M.R.T. + (MPAs) ..........+ (Present Indefinite Tense)
TABLE NO. 1

TABLE NO. 2

TABLE NO. 3

EXERCISE
Q.1. Change the following into negative sentences. 

Q.2. Change the following into interrogative sentences. 

Q.3. Change the following into positive sentences. 

Q.4. Translate the following sentences. 

Q.5. Correct the following sentences. 

Q.6. Answer the following questions.


10. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
DEFINITION

IDENTIFICATION IN URDU

FORMULA
(i) For Positive Sentences
S + has/have been + V1 + ing + O + since/for + time/duration.
(ii) For Negative Sentences
S + has/have + not + V1 + ing + O + since/for + time/duration.
(iii) For Interrogative Sentences
(Wh...) + Has/Have + S + been + V1 + ing + O + since/for + time/duration.
TABLE NO. 1

TABLE NO. 2

TABLE NO. 3

EXERCISE
Q.1. Change the following into negative sentences. 

Q.2. Change the following into interrogative sentences. 

Q.3. Change the following into positive sentences. 

Q.4. Translate the following sentences. 

Q.5. Correct the following sentences. 

Q.6. Answer the following questions.

11. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
DEFINITION

IDENTIFICATION IN URDU

FORMULA
(i) For Positive Sentences
S + had been + V1 + ing + O + since/for + time/duration.
(ii) For Negative Sentences
S + had + not + V1 + ing + O + since/for + time/duration.
(iii) For Interrogative Sentences
(Wh...) + Had + S + been + V1 + ing + O + since/for + time/duration.
TABLE NO. 1

TABLE NO. 2

TABLE NO. 3

EXERCISE
Q.1. Change the following into negative sentences. 

Q.2. Change the following into interrogative sentences. 

Q.3. Change the following into positive sentences. 

Q.4. Translate the following sentences. 

Q.5. Correct the following sentences. 

Q.6. Answer the following questions.

12. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
DEFINITION

IDENTIFICATION IN URDU

FORMULA
(i) For Positive Sentences
S + will/shall have been + V1 + ing + O + since/for + time/duration.
(ii) For Negative Sentences
S + will/shall + not + have been + V1 + ing + O + since/for + time/duration.
(iii) For Interrogative Sentences
(Wh...) + Will/Shall + S +  have been + V1 + ing + O + since/for + time/duration.
TABLE NO. 1

TABLE NO. 2

TABLE NO. 3

EXERCISE
Q.1. Change the following into negative sentences. 

Q.2. Change the following into interrogative sentences. 

Q.3. Change the following into positive sentences. 

Q.4. Translate the following sentences. 

Q.5. Correct the following sentences. 

Q.6. Answer the following questions.

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