4. Direct & Indirect Speech

DIRECT AND INDIRECT NARRATION

Communication or Conversation between two or more people is called Narration. It has two categories:
(i) Direct Speech
(ii) Indirect Speech

1. DIRECT SPEECH
When we write the sayings of some person in the same wording using inverted commas (" "), it is called Direct Speech.
Example:
He said, "I am a Muslim".
Categories of Direct Speech:
Direct Speech is further divided into two parts, i.e.,
(i) Reporting Speech
(ii) Reported Speech

1. Reporting Speech
It means the words which are going to be reported followed by the words 'say' or 'said' generally.
Example:
He said to me,
2. Reported Speech
The words which have been reported in the same wording as it is are said to be the reported speech.
Example:
"I am a Muslim"
In the Direct Speech, reporting and reported parts must be separated by comma, otherwise it will become single speech and meaning might be different.

2. INDIRECT SPEECH
When we convey someone's message in our own wording, there occur many changes in the statement.
Example:
He said that he was a Muslim.
There are six changes while converting Direct Speech into Indirect Speech.
1. Kind of Sentence
2. Change of Verb
3. Conjunction
4. Person
5. Tense
6. Time
So the Structure of Indirect Speech is
Kind of Sentence + Change of Verb + Conjunction + Person + Tense + Time 

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